Ottoman Empire

Complete Biography of Sultan Abdul Hamid

Complete Biography of Sultan Abdul Hamid. The reign of Abdul Hamid II, the last powerful Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. By the way, he was the thirty-fourth sultan of the Ottoman dynasty. But after them the two sultans. The rulers of this great empire have passed away. He was the Sultan in name only. The practical politics and other affairs of the empire were not interfered with by the two of them.

Sultan Abdul Hamid is not only the last powerful sultan but he is also one of the series because when Sultan Abdul Hamid took over, the entire Sultanate was in trouble. were Because of their king’s expenses, the Ottoman Empire was heavily dependent on foreign debts. He was the Sultan. He ascended to the throne of the Ottoman Empire after his brother Murad in 1876 AD.

History of Sultan Abdul Hamid

The Prime Minister of that time, Madhat Pasha, presented a few conditions to Abdul Hamid II to make him Sultan, including the Ottoman Empire. The form of government was also included in the form of a democracy established in Europe. Under this newly passed law, the powers of the Sultan were to remain only nominal and the real power would be with the parliament and Wazir-e-Azam. The Sultan not only made this condition. It was approved, but this law was resolved within a few months of the Sultan.

According to this law, every citizen of the Ottoman Empire had equal rights. As soon as this law came into effect, the intervention of external powers in the Ottoman Empire increased a little more. Ministers and elected representatives of the West became free and independent in their every decision. In this way, the European powers and the Jewish lobby had a great opportunity to strengthen their roots in the Ottoman Empire.

Russian Attack

And the Jewish forces came out in open opposition to you. Egypt and the people of Arabia were already ready for rebellion. In 1877 AD, taking advantage of this critical opportunity, Russia attacked the Ottoman Empire. The Osmani army used to penetrate its Darul government as far as Moscow when it wanted to, now it was progressing and had adopted a powerful form, so it attacked Russia and gave the Sultanate of Usmania forces that the Darul government was captured.

The world also had to reconcile with him because of this reconciliation, which was too strict, according to which it included giving away many principalities of the Sultanate while taking over the territories of reconciliation which had been taken over for the last several years. It was at war, now there was no war power left in it, and external debts had broken the back of its people, so observing these conditions, a powerful delegation of the World Jewish Organization appeared in the court of Sultan Abdul Hamid.

Hardships of Sultan Abdul Hamid

They demanded an independent state for themselves in Palestine, in exchange for which they were willing to pay off all the foreign debts of the Ottoman Empire and give them more loans in the future, but Sultan Abdul Hamid, who had Ottoman blood running in his veins, refused to accept the Islamic Ummah. By protesting, they refused this delegation. Now, the Jews founded a secret democratic organization called the Young Turks, a plan to cut the roots of the Ottomans.

In this organization, the majority of Turkish youths were living in France, Great Britain, or Switzerland due to anti-caliphate activities. The main office of this organization was established in Paris. Sultan Abdul Hamid was engaged in the construction of the railway line from Damascus to Medina from the year 1900 to 1988. On the other hand, this political movement named Young Turks was being adopted by the Ottoman army.

Struggles for the Ottoman Empire

When this Jamaat brought together Afsaran, an important military officer of the Sultanate of Osmania, it again forced Sultan Abdul Hamid to change the empire into a democratic government. Due to the pressure of the army and the minorities, the Sultan once again in the Ottoman Empire in 1988 inaugurated the parliament and handed over many of its powers to the democratic forces, but soon the conspiracies of these democratic elements began to take shape.

He was the thirty-fourth sultan of the Ottoman dynasty. But after them the two sultans. The rulers of this great empire have passed away. He was the Sultan in name only. He ascended to the throne of the Ottoman Empire after his brother Murad in 1876 AD. The Prime Minister of that time, Madhat Pasha, presented a few conditions to Abdul Hamid II to make him Sultan, including the Ottoman Empire. The form of government was also included in the form of a democracy established in Europe.

His Achievements

Under this newly passed law, the powers of the Sultan were to remain only nominal and the real power would be with the parliament and Wazir-e-Azam. The Sultan not only made this condition. It was approved, but this law was resolved within a few months of the Sultan. According to this law, every citizen of the Ottoman Empire had equal rights. As soon as this law came into effect, the intervention of external powers in the Ottoman Empire increased a little more.

Ministers and elected representatives of the West became free and independent in their every decision. In this way, the European powers and the Jewish lobby had a great opportunity to strengthen their roots in the Ottoman Empire, but Sultan Abdul Hamid, steaming this threat, dissolved this parliament within a few months and took the powers into his own hands again. And the Jewish forces came out in open opposition to you. Egypt and the people of Arabia were already ready for rebellion.

Hardships of Sultan Abdul Hamid

In 1877 AD, taking advantage of this critical opportunity, Russia attacked the Ottoman Empire. Usmani Fauzi used to penetrate Moscow whenever he wanted, now he was making progress and had become a powerful force. The aggressors and the forces of the Usmania Sultanate that Darul took over the government were so close that he went ahead and had to reconcile with the world.

He was too strict for this reconciliation according to which many of the Sultanate It also included the giving away of princely states, while reconciling and taking over territories that had been at war for many years now no longer had the power to fight, external debts had broken the backs of its people. So, observing these conditions, a powerful delegation of the World Jewish Organization appeared in Sultan Abdul Hamid’s court and demanded an independent state for themselves in Palestine.

Sultanate of Osmania’s Army

In return for this, they would pay all the foreign debts of the Ottoman Empire and give them more debts. were also willing to give, but Sultan Abd al-Hamid, who had Ottoman blood running in his veins, refused this delegation, showing Islamic humility. The majority of the Turkish youth who were living in France, Great Britain, or Switzerland due to anti-caliphate activities in this organization were founded. The head office of this organization was established in Paris.

They were busy with the construction of the railway line up to Munora, and the pilgrims from the railway were able to enjoy a lot of facilities, on the other hand, the young Turks were adopting this political system in the Ottoman army when this Jamaat was often accompanied by Afsran, an important military officer of the Sultanate of Osmania. After this, it again forced Sultan Abdul Hamid to change the empire into a democratic government.

The Great Sultan Abdul Hamid

Due to the pressure of foreign countries, the Ottoman army, and the minorities, the Sultan once again inaugurated the Parliament in the Ottoman Empire in 1988 AD, and his many powers were handed over to the democratic forces, but soon the conspiracies of these democratic elements began to take shape and seeing that corruption had started to spread everywhere in every sector in the empire, the ruling elites of the country rebelled against the people of Young Turks.

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A large number of officers who were to be slaughtered by choice began to flee Constantinople, but soon the Ottoman army, which was in favor of the republic, quickly overcame this murderous rebellion, and the leaders of the rebels were selectively punished. Sultan Abdul Hamid But was accused of aiding the rebels and was released. After Majuli, he was detained in the city called Salunica until he left this mortal world during his imprisonment in 1918.

After Sultan Abdul Hamid, his brother Muhammad Khamis. was given the position of Sultan but this position was only nominal. The government was under the authority of three Pashas namely Anwar Pasha, Talat Pasha, and Ahmad Kamal Pasha. These people committed atrocities on the Sultanate. The race of Armenia is Kushi or Slaughter in Yunan. From the beginning of the war, it was the promise of these three pashas who scattered this sultanate like grains of sand for centuries.

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