History of Mughal Empire

Sultan Jalaluddin Akbar 1542-1605

Sultan Jalaluddin Akbar 1542-1605. The foundation of the Mughal Sultanate in India is Akbar’s grandfather. That is, Zahiruddin Babur had laid it, but the name of the person who strengthened the foundation of the Mughal Sultanate was Jalaluddin Akbar. he had spread the Mughal Sultanate over more than half of India in his lifetime. And before he died, he made it possible for many of his successors to rule over him. People used to come to his court and ask for blessings. People used to bow their heads before him.

He even became so honorable and precious in the eyes of the people of his sultanate that he created a separate religion of his own, and because of all these things, his name is forever Akbar the Grade. was At the same time we will know what happened in the battle of Haldighati. he was born on October 15, 1542 in the area of Umarkot when Akbar’s father, name Naseeruddin Humayun, was wandering in the forests after losing the Delhi Sultanate to Sher Shah Suri.

History of Sultan Jalaluddin Akbar

Because Humayun’s parents used to wander in the forests at that time, Akbar was brought up by Akbar’s uncle Kamran Mirza. who used to be the governor of Kabul region. Most historians believe that he was very intelligent and quick from his childhood. But Akbar was not even fond of reading and writing. he always ran away from studies. But he was so talented that he learned things like swordsmanship, spearmanship, horsemanship very well even before the tender age of ten years.

At a young age, he used to challenge people older than him in wrestling. And the surprising thing is that he used to defeat even these great people at such a young age. Finally, in 1555, Humayun, the father of Akbar, wrested his Delhi Sultanate from the Suri dynasty again. When Humayun regained his Sultanate, Akbar was only thirteen years old. Just one year later, Humayun fell down the stairs of his library and died. After Humayun’s death, the people living in the Mughal court started to fear that there might be a rebellion in the Mughal Sultanate, and this fear proved to be true.

Jalaluddin Akbar Hardships

Gradually, rebellions started to rise from place to place. Humayun had a loyal soldier and friend named Khan. Sensing the time, he took a right decision and declared Humayun’s fourteen-year-old foolish son, Akbar, as the next Sultan. even though he was declared Sultan in view of the danger, but Akbar was still not understanding. Because of this, even though the Sultan had become Akbar, Bairam Khan used to run the entire sultanate.

Every order of the Sultanate was issued by Khan, he was Sultan in name only. But seeing the threat of rebellion Bairam Khan had made a young Akbar the Sultan, that threat did not burn even after Akbar became Sultan. The same Suri sultanate from which Humayun, the son of Akbar, took back his sultanate a few days ago. A Hindu of the same Sultanate whose name was Hemu rebelled, he took his entire army and left for Delhi.

Mughal Sultanate’s

When Bairam Khan, who ran the Mughal Sultanate, got the news that Hemu had left for our Sultanate with his big army. So he also left from Delhi with his army. The two armies faced each other in the historical field of Panipat. A great battle was fought. Due to which Hemu died. When Hemu’s soldiers got the news that Hemu was dead, they turned their backs and started to run away, and in this way the Mughal Sultanate’s army was victorious at Bhairam Khan.

It is said that the arrow with which Hemu died was probably shot by Akbar. he sat on the throne from 1556 to 1560. for about four years. But the entire Sultanate was run by the Khan. But when Akbar gradually reached the age of seventeen-eighteen years. And when Because Bairam Khan used to issue many such decisions himself. On which Akbar ruledIt used to not happen. And it is clear that now he had become wiser. That is why he is not one to sit quietly.

A Great battle

When Akbar felt that Bairam Khan had gone above his head, he removed Bairam Khan from the post of Prime Minister and gave Bairam Khan a lot of wealth and advice. that you should go for hajj, because although he had been opposed to Bairam Khan in political matters, he respected Bairam Khan very much and called Bairam Khan his sage, because it is obvious that Bairam Khan spent three or four years with him.

When Akbar removed Bairam Khan from the post of Prime Minister, that’s why he took this strange decision. rebelled against Akbar but because he had become sensible he defeated Hiram Khan in a few moments. Despite rebelling again, he did not issue any order against him, but seated him respectfully and again advised him to please go for Hajj. This time Bairam Khan left for Hajj with dignity, but It is said that his caravan was attacked on the way which led to his death.

Death of Bairam Khan

Dostu Akbar was smarter than he was brave and that was the reason why he defeated his enemy in the field. Rather than defeating him mentally. He won all those areas through politics. He had married a daughter of the Rajputs named Jodhabai due to which all the Rajputs of India except Maharana Pratap accepted Akbar’s rule. he gave very high posts to non-Muslims in the palaces. During his reign, Hindu people were sitting on big posts in his palace.

Even Akbar’s special team known as Navaratna, i.e. in which there were nine viziers, about three of them were Hindus. One of them was named Birbal, one was named Man Singh and one was named Raja Todarmal. It is said that he used to take these nine people from his team before taking any big step. And these nine people were always associated with Akbar. After the death of Bairam Khan, Akbar was completely free to run the Sultanate.

Islamic Scholars

So he realized that in the Mughal court there is a good influence of the Islamic scholars, that is, every order is issued only after the consent of the Islamic scholars. he started to feel a little annoyed due to this he issued an edict. In which it was announced that from today Akbar’s order will be considered greater than the order of the greatest of Islam. There was none, so it was not for him. That is why the religious people started opposing it.

And an atmosphere of rebellion was beginning to develop throughout the empire. When he saw such an environment in his kingdom, he started to kill the Islamic bigots selectively, about whomever he got the news that such and such a scholar was issuing a wrong statement or order about him. He used to kill him, because of which many scholars became fearless and issued fatwas of disbelief on him. He founded a new day named Deen-e-Ilahi, who believed that there are some good things in every religion.

Battle of Haldighati

So why not prepare a new religion by extracting some good things of each religion. Through which all religious fights will end. Therefore, he developed a religion named after keeping this thought in mind. This religion incorporated many things from other religions as well as Islam. Many people used to worship Akbar. Because he was of the view that every religion has both good and bad things.

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That is why he worshiped Christians and worshiped with Hindus as well. And he used to offer namaz in mosques along with Muslims. if we talk about the battle of Haldighati. all the Rajputs of India accepted Akbar’s kingship after seeing Akbar’s bravery and intelligence. But Rana Pratap was a king who was not ready to accept Akbar as the emperor till the end even though Maharana Pratap could not succeed against Akbar but he continued to fight against he till his last life which definitely proves his bravery.

War with Maharana Pratap

People fromThis battle of Haldi Ghati is seen as Hindu versus Muslim, but the truth is completely opposite. You may be a little surprised to know that he himself was not present in the Mughal army at the time of the war with Maharana Pratap. Rather, Akbar’s army was led by one of Akbar’s nine special viziers whose name was Mansingh. It is clear that the commander of both the armies in this war were Hindus who were Hindus from their religious background. From which the question of Muslim versus Hindu does not arise.

And the second surprising thing is that while on the one hand all the Hindus were present in the Mughal army fighting against Maharana Pratap, in the army of Maharana Pratap, there were also big Muslim leaders like Hakim Khan Surya. Which prove that this battle was not Hindu versus Muslim but yes if we talk about the outcome of this battle then this battle was won by Mansingh Mughal army and Maharana Pratap was defeated in this battle and Along with this defeat, the biggest obstacle in the way of Mughals Maharana Pratap was also removed.

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