Ottoman Empire

Sultan Selim II-11th Ruler of the Ottoman Empire

Sultan Selim II-11th Ruler of the Ottoman Empire. After the death of Sultan Suleiman the Great, who led the Ottoman Empire to its peak, only the prince was alive. Therefore, Prince Salim became the eleventh Sultan of the Ottoman Empire on September 7, 1566, at the age of forty-two. He was the 90th Caliph of Islam.

It was your good fortune that you had a very capable and intelligent personality in the form of Prime Minister Muhammad. Prime Minister Muhammad Amur proved to be very helpful to the Sultan in running the kingdom well. After Moscow’s capture of Istra Khan, pilgrims, and merchants were barred from passing through the area, so the ruler of Khwarazm requested the sultan to conquer Istra Khan and reopen the hajj route.

History of Sultan Selim II

The government accepted. In addition, Prime Minister Skol Ali Pasha made two important proposals. It would have been easy to attack the adjacent states, but for this, it was necessary for Astra Khan to conquer this city. In 1568, that is, a force of 25,000 Cheri was sent to the city of Azouk, where 30,000 Crimean soldiers were also present.

This army clashed with the Russians for the occupation of Isterkhan, the Ottoman army could not capture the city and on its return, most of the army became the sight of a storm in the Black Sea. Russia was so powerful that it overpowered the Ottomans. A truce agreement was reached, after which the Sultanate of Osmania and Russia did not confront each other for almost a year. Wazir-i-Azam’s second suggestion was to dig a canal to connect it with Ahmad.

The Ottoman Empire

An army had to be sent to Yemen. Sandan Pasha succeeded in suppressing this rebellion and Yemen was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire, along with other parts of Arabia. To free Tunis from the clutches of the Spaniards, an Ottoman fleet was sent under the leadership of Khaluj Pasha the ruler of Al-Jizay in 1518. Cluj defeated the Spaniards and captured the city, but the Spanish army was trapped in the fort and occupied it until 1574.

Later, the city was completely captured. In 1500, Sultan Salim decided to attack the cemetery. According to some, Sultan Salim attacked the cemetery because there was too much alcohol, while according to Caroline Thinkle, the tension between the Ottomans and the Ottomans did not end completely. but generally avoided war.

The Naval Power of the Ottomans

She adds that according to Ottoman historians of the period, Benis supported pirates who seized Ottoman ships on their way to Egypt, in this to Sultan Selim. Forced them to conquer Cyprus, so in 1570, Mustafa Pasha climbed the cemetery with one hundred thousand troops, but the army defending the city continued to fight manfully. After a long siege, the besieged surrendered in 1571. and the city was handed over to the Ottomans.

The conquest of Cyprus caused an uproar among the Christian kingdoms of Europe. In this regard, a plan was made to weaken the naval power of the Ottomans. For this, a union of the Christian states of the Mediterranean was formed. The leadership of which was entrusted to the Chancellor of Austria Don John. The Ottoman fleet, Lepanto, was anchored in the hands of Amir al-Bahr Ali Pasha.

Battle of Ottomans

Fifteen hundred and seventy-one ships faced each other on the shores of the Gulf of Lepanto, and within a few hours, the Ottomans suffered a great defeat and Ali Pasha was killed in this battle. Thirty thousand Turks arrived in the Ottoman fleet, the Christians were captured and many ships were lost. As a result of this defeat, the Ottomans were at a disadvantage against the Christian forces, but the Ottomans immediately began to look for this loss.

Sultan Salim rejoined the Osmani Bahri fleet in Sanat Gali with great enthusiasm. The garden of the royal palace was also sacrificed so that the reconstruction of the fleet could be completed as soon as possible by building this reservoir. In a short time, another magnificent fleet was prepared. It was done and Venice made peace with the Ottoman Empire on very humiliating terms. After the defeat of Lepanto, the first priority of the Ottoman Empire was to protect the holy places.

The Haram Kaaba

By rebuilding her fleet, she managed to establish a strong base to protect Islami. Along with this, Sultan Salim placed the Kakh Chauban squads on the protection. Besides, he appointed a special guarding force to guard the Wakaya wells on the roads of Sham and K so that the roads remain peaceful and no one can attack the caravans of pilgrims. Farman Rawa was at the forefront of the service of Islam in every case.

Sultan Salim followed in the footsteps of his forefathers and maintained this tradition. And Hejaz was engaged in the service of the Holy One. He took a special interest in the Haram Kaaba in particular. During the reign of Sultan Salim according to Peruline Thinkl. The porch of the Haram was converted into Ottoman-style architecture. And domes were installed instead of simple roofs on them.

Achievements of Sultan Selim II

According to Turkish history professor Dr. Akram Pura Kanji, the pillar construction of the Haram was completed under the supervision of Sultan Selim. Salimiya Mosque, a great architectural masterpiece, was built in Al-Darna during his reign. A library, seminary, bathhouse, langar khana, bazaar, healing house, and a cemetery were also established around the mosque.

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According to the famous black saint Chalabi of the seventeenth century, Sultan Salim had this mosque built in Al-Darna instead of Aslam Bol because the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) told Sultan Salim in a dream to come here. He seldom visited the royal court, and this tradition was reinforced during the reign of Sultan Salim, who was the first sultan to spend his time in the palace, which opened the door to speculation about his character.

Sultan Selim II’s Death

While some historians have denied this, Sultan Salim returned all the wealth confiscated during the reign of Sultan Sulaiman and also restored his royal status. At that time, the rank of the Ottoman Empire was one crore forty-eight million ninety-three thousand kilometers, and even during your period, the Sultanate continued, when you were at that time, the Sultanate of Osmania was one million fifty-one million ninety-three thousand kilometers.

Sultan Salim died on December 15, 1574, at the age of fifty. According to Western historians, he died due to heavy drinking. While according to Muslim historians, his foot slipped and fell in the bath. He remained ill for several days and died of the same disease. He was buried next to the Hagia Sophia Mosque in Istanbul.

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