Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire Formation and Rise

The Ottoman Empire Formation and Rise. After Sultan Awal, Osman Salis was the Sultan of the Sultanate of Osmania. Usman Salis ruled from 1754 to 1757. Osman Salis was born in the palace on January 2, sixteen hundred and ninety-nine. He was the younger brother of Mahmoud Awal and the son of Mustafa Sani. His mother was Sultan Sultan. He married a woman named Laila. Sultan Osman Salis received a modest education.

And from his youth, he became addicted to bad deeds. It started in seventeen hundred and fifty-four years in which the government was divided into two tribes and maintained a battlefield for seven years, but Osman Salis did not gain the advantage, so there was no war with his neighboring governments. The series continued as it was in his profession. Sultan Osman the Mediator died at the age of fifty-eight on October 30, 1757, in Topkapi Palace, Istanbul.

History of Sultan Abdul Hamid Awal

There were up to seventy-four sultans. He was born in the palace on January 18 or 28, 1717. And on the twenty-first of January, seventeen hundred and seventy-four, he died at the palace of Istanbul. He was the brother of Sultan Abdul Hamid Awal and the son of Ahmad Salis. His mother was Sultan Amina Maharshah Sultan. He married a woman named Maharshah of Geneva, with whom he had two sons, Salim and Mohammad, and five daughters.

The name of the twenty-seventh Sultan after his death was Abdul Hamid Awal. Sultan Abdul Hameed Awwal’s reign lasted from seventeen hundred and seventy-four to seventeen hundred Navasi. Abdul Hameed Awwal spent most of forty-three years of his life in the Haram. The Sultan used to imprison the princes in the harem due to the threat of rebellion.

Battle of Kulluya

He received his early education from Walida Rabia Sharmi Sultan, who taught Abdul Hamid history and calligraphy. His harem training gave him a very religious and pacifist disposition. The year after his reign, the Ottoman Empire suffered its worst defeat in the Battle of Kulluya, which led to his signing the humiliating Treaty of Kucha Kanari in 1774. Despite all his failures, Sultan Abdul Hamid I is considered the most merciful Ottoman Sultan because of his religious nature, people called him Wali.

Later, Sultan Salim the Mediator was the ruler of the Ottoman Empire from 1799 to 1877. In order to prevent the decline of the Ottoman Empire and put it on the path of development, the Osmani Salatin performed a great service. The era of the Sultan and Tipu Sultan of Mysore was the same. He tried to educate and, Bari and Bahri forces were reorganized and the new organization was named Nizam Moderne in French.

Sultans of the Ottoman Empire

The feudal system established with the help of engineers and the modern style of cannon molding was a major obstacle in the way of reforms. He was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire until the Caliphate. He was born in Istanbul on September 8, 1789, and was killed on November 15 or 16, 1888. While Nighat Saja Sultan is depicted as his real mother. Mahmud Sani was the thirtieth Ottoman Sultan from 1888 to 1849 after Sultan.

After Salim Salis, the Ottoman Sultan who tried to continue the work of reform was Mahmud. Mahmud Sultan was the son of Abdul Hamid Awal. His period began with unrest and revolts. In Egypt, the ruling Mamluk chieftains had become unruly, and Arabs succeeded the Saudi dynasty of Najd. And the Saudi Afwaz captured the Hijaz and began raiding into Iraq and into Syria. Greece also declared its independence.

Formation and Rise

Mahmud put an end to all rebellions within eighteen years. Hijaz was taken back from the Saudi forces and also ended the rebellion of Greece in 1826. Disbanded in the same year, whose chieftains and soldiers had become a nuisance to the Sultanate, Mahmud replaced them with a new, modern army, whose uniform was European-style and wore a Turkish cap instead of a turban.

He also eliminated those who were a big obstacle in the way of reformation. Apart from this, Mahmud also imposed restrictions on the Jagirdari Nizam. From the time of Suleiman the Magnificent, it was established that Salatin had stopped coming to the court. All the actions were under the authority of Wazir-i-Azam. Mahmud broke this rule and started coming to the Diwan with restrictions.

Sultan Mahmud Sani Death

After these reforms, it was hoped that the Sultanate-e-Osmania would be on the path of development, but Russia did not want the Sultanate to become a great power again. He started intervening in the case of the Sultanate of Osmania and started a war with the Sultanate. On October 20, 1827, the enemy fleet of Greece, Russia, England, and France attacked and destroyed the Ottoman fleet. I reached Adarna. The Sultan had to reconcile with Russia again. Greece was given independence under Russian pressure.

Russian Afawaz returned the territory, but in the direction of Darya and Dinayub River and north of the river, the sentence occupied the territory of Romania. From here, it was calm, then in 1830, France occupied Algeria. In 1831, Mohammed Ali of Egypt. Pasha rebelled and his forces under the leadership of Ibrahim Pasha reached Kotahiyat in Turkey’s Kalb in the evening and it was known that they would soon occupy Istanbul as well. In these circumstances, Sultan Mahmud Sani died.

Ottoman Empire

After the death of Sultan Mahmud II, Sultan Abdul Majid I became the ruler of the Ottoman Empire. Sultan Abdul Majid I was the thirty-first Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Who succeeded his father Mahmud Sani on the second day of July 1849. His Daur-i-Hukumat was the beginning of the movements of the Kom Parasts.

The sultan tried unsuccessfully to prevent communalism through the expansion of Ottomanism, although he used close relations with the important political powers of Europe, Britain, and France, to make non-Muslims and non-Turkmen. And fought against Russia through the same alliances. On March 30, 1856, the Sultanate-e-Osmania was recognized as an integral part of Europe through Paris.

Sahibzada of Sultan Mahmud Sani

The greatest achievement of Kiya Abdul Majeed Awwal was the announcement and Nifaz of Tanzimat which was initiated by his Walid Mahmud Sani. In this way, Turkey began in eighteen hundred and forty-nine. Sultan Abdul Majeed Awal passed away on June 15, 1861. So his brother Sultan Abdul Aziz became the thirty-second Sultan of the First Sultanate of Osmania.

He was the Sahibzada of Sultan Mahmud Sani and succeeded his brother Abdul Majid Awwal on the Sultanate throne in 1861. Sultan Abdul Aziz first used friendly relations with the Russian Sultanate. During the reign of Abdul Aziz Awal, relations were also established with France and Britain of the Sultanate of Osmania. He was the first to visit Western Europe in 1866, which included a visit to England. He made this journey through a private railway car which is still preserved in the Azaeb House of RM in Istanbul.

History of Sultan Abdul Hameed Sani

Almost went bankrupt in 1875. The reason for this is the same as the Shahna of the Sultan and the life and caste also had a hand in it. In addition, there were rebellions in eighteen hundred and seventy-five and in eighteen hundred and seventy-five. On May 11, 1876, as a result of the rebellion, the Sultan was forced to resign between May 29 and 30, 1876.

On June 4, his body was found in the palace. The cause of his death was not known. It was suicide. Murder is believed to be the cause of his death. After his death, Sultan Murad Khamis was the Sultan who held the reins of the Caliphate of Osmania from 1876 to 1944. He was born on the twenty-first or twenty-second of September eighteen hundred and forty in Osmania Palace, Istanbul. While he was buried on August 30, nineteen hundred and four. He was the son of Awwal and Abdul Hameed Sani.

The Great Ottoman Empire

His mother was Wilma Sultan of Puti, Georgia. Murad Khamis had numerous marriages. According to some historians, Murad Khamis was deposed a few months after he assumed power. The thirty-fourth sultan of the Ottoman Caliphate, the Great Lover of the Prophet (peace be upon him), Sultan Abdul Hamid II, is coming. In fact, Sultan Abdul Hamid II was the Sultan who took charge of the Ottoman Caliphate from August 31, 1876 to April 27, 1999.

He took over the role of Sultan Murad Khamis in his lifetime, he was the thirty-fourth. During that period of rebellion, you fought an unsuccessful war with Russia against the Balki Rebellion and a successful war with Greece in 1897. You announced the first Ottoman Constitution on December 23, 1876. Referring to the parliament in eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, he made both the constitution and the parliament of the Mukhtar term born in Istanbul on September twenty-one or twenty-two, eighteen hundred and forty-two.

Ottoman Public Debt System

And at the age of seventy-five years, he died on the tenth of February, nineteen hundred and eighteen. Abdul Hameed Sani was also a poet. His tour of the Sultanate of Osmania continued under his rule. The bureaucracy includes the railways and the railways, the Baghdad Railways, the Tameer, and the Hijaz Railways. Apart from this, the registration of the population with the first corpse school in eighteen hundred and eighty and a system of getting on the press was established.

Many Peshawar schools were established for the arts including law, arts, commerce, civil engineering, custom farming, and so on. After Abdul Hamid Sani closed the university in 1821, it was reopened in 1900, primary, and military schools were extended throughout the sultanate. During his reign, bankruptcy occurred, resulting in the establishment of the Ottoman Public Debt System in 1881. Sultan Abdul Hameed Sani had many marriages.

Mustafa Kemal Atta Turk

Turkey’s sphere of influence shrank further, As a result of the agreement, they also had to recognize an independent state in the Hijaz, the Turkish nation. Prast was very angry at the Sultan’s decision to recognize the agreement and on April 23rd, 1920, in Ankara.Under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atta Turk,

After winning the war, the nationalists officially announced the end of the Ottoman Empire on November 1, 1922, declared the sultan an unpopular figure, and exiled him and his family. On November 17, the Sultan departed for Malta by British ship and later spent the last days of his life in Australia.

The Ottoman Caliphate

Muhammad Sadiq, who continued to carry out this responsibility until the complete end of the Ottoman Caliphate, died on May 16, 1926, in San Remo, Italy, and was buried in the Sultan Salim I Mosque in Damascus. He was the last caliph who was elected as the head of the family after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire.

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The great caliphate of the Ottoman Empire came to an end and the Ottoman family began to live a nomadic life in different countries of the world. The caliphate, but despite the current stalemate, the Ottoman family continued to appoint its caliph and head in every period. Osman IV, Fawad Muhammad Abdul Aziz Sani Ali Wasib.

The United States

Muhammad Haftim and Khan continued to be appointed as the head of the Ottoman family, and in 1991, when Suleiman Demeral’s government came to Turkey, he went on a visit to the United States and met Ertugrul Osman, the forty-second head of the Ottoman family, who was a Living in a two-room flat above the restaurant, at the request of Suleiman Demeral.

Ertuğrul Osman visited Turkey and Ertuğrul Osman, named after his grandfather Amjad and the famous warrior of history, Ertuğrul Ghazi and his son Osman Ghazi. It was placed on the Ottoman palaces in Turkey, standing in a row as usual, where the Ottoman rulers used to issue royal decrees. The complete story of the exciting rise and painful end of the Ottoman Caliphate, which began with Ertugrul and ended with Ertugrul.

History of Sultan Osman Ghazi 1300-1326
History of Sultan Osman Ghazi 1300-1326
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