Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire and Sultans-623Years 36 Sultans

Ottoman Empire and Sultans-623Years 36 Sultans. The government of Al-Othman, the Caliphate of Osmania, was established in July 1299 AD. And it lasted until November 1, 1922 AD. Thirty-six Ottoman sultans ruled for about six hundred and twenty-three years. It is a strange coincidence that the name of the father of Osman I, the founder of the Ottoman Caliphate, was Amir Ertugrul Ghazi, who was full of courage and passion.

Almost six hundred and twenty-three years later, the name of the last prince of the Ottoman Caliphate was Ertugrul Osman. That is, in the year 1299 AD, the Ottoman Caliphate began with Ertugrul, and almost six hundred and twenty-three years later, the Ottoman Caliphate also ended with Ertugrul. The last Ottoman Sultan was Abdul Majid II. who were formally appointed. Sultan Abdul Majid II, the last caliph of the Ottoman Empire, was deposed on March 3, 1924.

History of Sultan Osman Ghazi

And the Ottoman Empire was gone forever. Amir Osman Ghazi or Osman I was the founder of the Ottoman Caliphate. Your father’s name was Amir Ertugul Ghazi. He ruled from July 12th AD to August 9th 1327th AD. You fought a war in the year thirteen hundred and two. And it was done in the year thirteen hundred and twenty-six. After your death, your son and Khan Ghazi ran the Ottoman Empire from August 9, 1300, to March 1362. It was during his period that the first Ottoman Empire entered Europe.

And the world’s first Munjazm army, that is, Cheri, was also built during his reign. After his death, the reign of his son Sultan Murad I lasted from March 1362 to June 15, 1392. Some Sultans were martyred while their Ghazis were. During the reign of Murad Awal in the year 1364, the first Martaba began to be given to Khilafat-e-Usmania. And Sultanate-e-Osmania’s first dynasty was conquered by Sultan Murad Awal in 1379. He was martyred by Christians in the War of Kosovo in 1389.

War of Kosovo

The first was Yildirim. Sultan Beyazid I Yıldırım reigned over the Ottoman Empire from June 16, 1383, to March 8, 1433. Beyazid I Yildirim’s conquests include the conquest of Bulgaria. He also fought in Jang-e-Ankara in July 1412. Sultan was the first Ottoman Sultan to fall into the alcoholism of a Christian wife. After that, the decline of the Ottoman Caliphate began. A period of about ten years followed by the audience is known as the Glimpse.

And from July 20, fourteen hundred two to fourteen hundred thirteen, there was no ruler of the sultanate for about ten years. Wars were going on between the Sultanates for succession to each other and different princes had occupied different areas whose names historians have written Isa Sulaiman Musa and Mohammed.

Ottoman Caliphate

This was the time when the Ottoman Caliphate had ended, the reason being that the fourth Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Beyazid I Yıldırım, had been captured by Timur Ling in the war and imprisoned in a cage. After that, the rise of the Ottoman Caliphate began again and it was around the year 1413 when his son Muhammad I became the Sultan of the Ottoman Caliphate.

The ruler of the Ottoman Empire was also called the second Bani of the Sultanat-e-Usmaniya and was the first Ottoman sultan. Along with ending the revolts, he conquered many areas including Albania, and added them to the Ottoman Empire. After his death. Murad II was the first Sultan of the Ottoman Empire who passed the throne of the Ottoman Empire twice to his son and the name of Sultan Murad II is at the top among the good sultans of the Ottoman Empire.

History of Sultan Mehmed Fateh

Up to one hundred and fifty-one, his reign was a period of tremendous warfare in the Balkans and Anatolia, in which he achieved great success. He was succeeded by his son, Sultan Mohammad Sani Almaruf Sultan Mohammad Fateh Fateh Kustuntunia, who became the ruler of the Sultanate of Osmania. Sultan Fatih was the great sultan who conquered Constantinople in the year 1453 and proved the prophecy of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) right.

At the age of eleven, he was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire for two years, while after that the Caliphate of the Ottoman Empire remained in the hands of Sultan Muhammad Fatih from 1451 to 1481. He made regular laws for the Ottoman Empire for the first time and By conquering many areas, he made it part of the Ottoman Caliphate during the reign of Sultan Muhammad Fatih, the knowledge and skills in the government developed well and his son Sultan Bayezid II became his successor.

Sultan Salim I

Year fifteen hundred and twelve during the reign of Sultan Bayezid, many rebellions arose in the Ottoman Empire and the empire suffered from civil war. The heir to his throne was his son Sultan Salim I. Sultan Salim I is remembered with the titles of Khalifatul-Islam, Amir-ul-Momineen, and Khadim Haramain Sharifin. Whose reign lasted from fifteen hundred twelve to twenty.

During the reign of Sultan Salim, the caliphate was transferred from the Abbasid dynasty to the Ottoman dynasty and the holy city of Makkah became a part of the empire and Egypt became a province of the Ottoman caliphate. During the reign of Sultan Salim I, Amir al-Bahr Khair al-Din Pasha Barbarossa accepted obedience to the Ottoman Caliphate. After the death of Sultan Salim I, his son Sultan Suleiman the Great became the Sultan of the Ottoman Caliphate.

History of the Ottoman Empire

He ran the Ottoman Empire from 1520 to 1566. During his reign, contemporary Belgrade was defeated by the Hungarian forces in 1521 and Belgrade was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire. Pargali Pasha was made Wazir-i-Azam Mukarrar, the first Baqida Wazir-i-Azam Mukarrar of the Sultanate-i-Osmania From 1534 to 1536 Sultan Suleiman Azam al-Qanuni conquered Baghdad in Iraq. Ibrahim Pasha was hanged on the Takht-e-Dar on March 15, 1536, for the crime of rebellion.

Sultan Suleiman is called Azam Al-Kanuni and Alishan because of the Sultanate of Osmania. But some of his decisions became a regret for himself and there are splashes of the blood of many innocent people including his young son Mustafa on his neck. Selim II ruled the Ottoman Empire in 1574. Selim II was the son of Haram Sultan. During his reign, all the state arrangements were handled by Prime Minister Muhammad Pasha.

Death of Salim II

After the death of Salim II, from 1574 to 1595, his son Murad became the middle sultan, who was as extravagant as his father and more powerful in the harem. The Ottoman Empire began to weaken economically during the reign of Murad al-Talihi, but the government remained with Sadre Azam Mohammad Pasha. After the death of Murad Salis, his son Mohammad Salis ascended to the throne.

With the assumption of the throne in the Ottoman Empire, the ritual of murdering brothers began during the reign of Sultan Muhammad Fatih and gradually this ritual gained strength. The main reason for this was to reduce the risks of rebellion for the new sultan, but the accession to the throne of Sultan Muhammad the Mediator added a dark chapter to this series of fratricide and the murder of brothers made Muhammad the Mediator one of the most disliked characters in Ottoman history.

The Great Ottoman Empire

He had enough to do. He also killed more than twenty of his sisters. There was no fall in power and all the powers were in the hands of his mother Safia Sultan. Due to the defeat in the war, Sultan Muhammad the Mediator had to take over the leadership of the forces himself and he was the first Ottoman ruler to enter the battlefield after Suleiman the Magnificent. In the year 1596, doctors forbade the Sultan from entering the battlefield due to diseases caused by excessive drinking and overeating.

The victories in these wars did not deal another blow to the declining Ottoman Empire under Muhammad I. After the death of Sultan Muhammad the Mediator due to heavy drinking, his son Ahmed I was the ruler of the Ottoman Empire from 1633 to 1617. He is considered one of the good rulers of the Ottoman Empire. Although the decisions of the wars in Hungary and Iran during the reign of Sultan Ahmed I did not go in favor of the Ottoman Empire, the Islamic Revolution took place in the Ottoman Empire.

The Blue Mosque

Sultan Ahmed I imposed a complete ban on drinking alcohol and also abolished the ritual of fratricide. He also took steps to restore Islamic laws ordered the prohibition of alcohol consumption and made it mandatory for all people to attend Friday prayers, after which they would distribute alms to the poor. It is remembered for the Sultan Ahmed Mosque, which is also called the Blue Mosque.

This mosque is a great masterpiece of Islamic and Ottoman architecture and as long as this beautiful example of Islamic architecture remains, the name of Sultan Ahmed I will live on. The area around this mosque is known as Sultan Ahmad, the last resting place of Sultan Ahmed I is located at the foot of the famous Blue Mosque. After the death of Sultan Ahmed I, his younger brother Prince Mustafa took over the Ottoman throne as Sultan Mustafa I.

Sultan Caliph Osman II

Until now, the legacy of the Ottoman Caliphate was passed from father to son through the fourteen Pashtuns, and this was the first agreement that the brother replaced the son. He succeeded to the throne because his son Osman was very young at the time of Sultan Ahmed I’s death. Sultan I spent most of his life in the harem. That is why he was weak-minded and completely ignorant of the affairs of the kingdom.

MustafaDue to his unwise policies and incompetence, the Umrahs of the Sultanate removed him from the throne of the Ottoman Empire only three months later on February 16, 1618, and put Sultan Ahmed I’s only thirteen-year-old eldest son, Osman, on the throne. Within four years Caliph Osman II was once again removed from power and replaced by his uncle Mustafa again. In May 1622, the rebel princes killed the deposed Sultan Caliph Osman II and for the next year, Mustafa was once again the caliph.

Sultan of the Ottoman Empire

Could be Sultan Mustafa I the fifteenth Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. After a year, he had to face the face of demotion once again. He died of natural causes on January 20, 1649. Against this, the Ottoman crown was decorated on Sultan Murad Rabi. From 1623 to 1644, he was the caliph of the Ottoman Sultanate. He was the son of Sultan Ahmad Awwal. Sultan Murad Rabe spent all his life among rebels and did not sit comfortably for a single day.

In the last days of Sultan Murad Rabi, the killing of Bai Yazid was an important turning point. Ibrahim fortunately survived Sultan Murad Rabi died in his youth after reigning for seventeen years on February 8 or 9, 1600. Murad did not leave any children behind, so after his death, his younger brother Ibrahim Awwal bin Sultan Ahmad Awwal was appointed Caliph of the Ottoman Sultanate and Sultan Ibrahim emerged as a devout Sahib-e-Ilm Sultan.

Sultan Ibrahim Awwal

During his period, the ongoing wars in Europe were ended and there were agreements of reconciliation due to which peace was established in Europe. One of the important achievements of Caliph Ibrahim was the conquest of Jazeera-e-Qureat. But after that victory, he rebelled to increase it. There had been a rebellion against Sultan Ibrahim, due to which Sultan Ibrahim Awwal had to be in the right of his seven Mohammed.

On August 28, 1648 AD, the commotion was so intense that the rebel Afwaz martyred Sultan Ibrahim Awwal in an attack. The caliphate of Sultan Ibrahim Awwal was only eight years and nine months. The nineteenth Sultan of the Osmani Sultanate was now only a seven-year-old boy named Mohammad, who was handed over to the Sultanate and Sadre Azam Mohammad, considering his age.

Throne of the Ottoman Empire

During that era, Sultanate-e-Osmania reached its height in Europe. Sultan Mohammad Rabe was Sultan from 1648 to 1687. He was born on January 2, 1693, in Turkey and died on January 6, 1693 in Adarna. After the death of Sultan Muhammad Rabi, his younger brother Sultan Suleiman II was the Sultan of the Ottoman Caliphate from 1687 to 1691. be present Most of his life was spent in the harem.

During the Ottoman period, many princes spent their long lives in the harem so that they could not rebel against the sultan. Most of the powers remained in the hands of Prime Minister Ahmed Fazil in 1691. Sultan Suleiman II died in Adirna Palace and after his death, his brother Sultan Ahmed II succeeded to the throne as the twenty-first Sultan of the Sultanate. His reign lasted from 1691 to 1695. He was the son of Sultan Ibrahim I and replaced his brother Suleiman II on the throne of the Ottoman Empire.

Queen Rabia Sultan

A few weeks after the accession of Sultan Ahmed II, the Ottoman Empire suffered a crushing defeat at the hands of Austria under the leadership of Louis William. And thus the Ottomans were expelled from Hungary. After defeat after defeat during his four-year reign, Sultan Ahmad II died of grief and illness. After the death of Sultan Ahmed II, Sultan Mustafa II sat on the throne of the Ottoman Empire from 1695 to 1733. He was born in Adarna in 1664.

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He was Sultan Mohammed who was born in the homeland of Queen Rabia Sultan. The most tragic event of his reign was a treaty that is considered the beginning of the fall of the Ottoman Empire. In the last days of his reign, Mustafa tried to restore the sultanate, which had been declining since the mid-seventeenth century, when Mohammed Rabe assumed his powers as president. Has been given to Azam.

Sultan Mustafa Sani

Mustafa used the loyal Ottoman cavalry, Temar, but that plan failed and he was removed from the throne of the Ottoman Empire, an event known in history as the Edirne incident. Gaya Mustafa II had two marriages, Mahmud I was born in Saleha Sultan’s homeland, and Osman Al-Thiri from Shaheswar Sultan’s homeland. He was the Sultan. He was born on December 31 or 31, 1673 in a town in Bulgaria and died on July 1, 1736.

He married Ayesha, born in 1617. He was the son of Sultan Mohammad Rabe. Sultan Mohammed Rabe married Malika Rabia of Greece who was Walida Sultan Salis. After Sultan Ahmad Salish, Mahmud Awal was the Sultan of the Caliphate of Osmania from 1730 to 1754. She was born on August 2, 1696, in Adarna Mahal and died on December 13, 1754, at Top Kapi Mahal. He was the son of Mustafa Sani. His mother was Sultan Salia Sultan. He was married to a woman named Ali Janab.

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