History of Mughal Empire

History of Lal Qila Lahore

History of Lal Qila Lahore. The name of the Red Fort of Delhi Lal Qila This name is derived from the big red stones of the fort. It is named so because of the boundary walls built from it and this name probably dates back to the British era in the 19th century. Perhaps it was the British who started calling it Red Fort, but very few people know that the real name of this fort is Lal Qila Mubarak. This name was given by Shahjahan.

Shahjahan thought of building the Lal Qila when he decided to change the capital of the Mughal Empire from Agra to Delhi. During the time of Akbar, the capital of the Mughals was Agra. Akbar liked Delhi so much. Akbar did not like Delhi because it reminded him of his father Humayun’s defeat at the hands of Sher Shah Suri, but Shahjahan was troubled by the heat of Agra and decided to return to Delhi. He decided that Delhi should now be the capital of the Mughal Empire.

Lal Qila Lahore Darwaza

Shahjahan established a city which was named Shahjahanabad. It is now called Old Delhi. The construction of the grand Lal Qila has started in the middle of this city. In 1638, Shahjahan ordered the construction of the Red Fort and after 10 years in 1648 When the Lal Qila was completed, Shahjahan was in Kabul, Afghanistan when he was given this news. Then the king immediately returned to Delhi from there. Red Fort had two main doors, Delhi Darwaza and Lahuri Darwaza.

Shahjahan used to go to Jama Masjid for Namaz through Delhi Darwaza, but later Aurangzeb built a private mosque for himself and his wife inside the Red Fort, which is called Moti Masjid. Delhi Darwaza is now open to the general public. It is not open so people can go inside the fort only through the Lahori Door. Lahori Door was named Lahori Darwaza because, during the Mughal era, three cities were very important from historical and political points of view – Delhi, Agra, and Lahore and the front of this door.

Aurangzeb Alamgir

It is towards the city of Lahore, which is why it is called Lahoori Darwaza. Aurangzeb had built this wall in front of this Lahori Darwaza, it is called the Veil Wall. Lahoori Darwaza is just in front of Chandni Chowk and from this door the Diwan-A-Aam was clearly visible which was the sitting place of the emperor, hence out of respect for the emperor, people had to be sent to Chandni Chowk. To end this dilemma and to provide more protection to the fort, Aurangzeb built the Lahuri Gate.

Shahjahan did not like this thing of Aurangzeb at all. It is said that if someone stood at Chandni Chowk and looked at the Red Fort, then the Lahuri Darwaza in front looked very beautiful, but later after the wall was built, Later, when this wall was built, it was no longer so grand. In those days, Shahjahan was imprisoned in Agra. It was from Agra that Shahjahan had written a letter to Aurangzeb.

Meena Bazaar of the Red Fort

In the letter, Shahjahan had written that Son, by building the wall, you have put a veil on the face of the bride of the fort. standing on this veiled wall, on August 15, 1947, Prime Minister Pandit Nehru hoisted the tricolor flag of independent India for the first time. From then till today, this sequence has been repeated every year. Lahori Darwaza As soon as you go inside, the Meena Bazaar of the Lal Qila starts, it is also called Chhatta Bazaar.

This market was built by Shahjahan for his wife. The kind of goods which were used in the fort were available in this market. There was a time when Traders from countries like Arabia and India used to come here with their goods which they sold to the emperor’s wives and princes, so the good thing is that even after three hundred and fifty years, this market is still intact with the same colors and even today people come here. Chhata Bazaar is over, and Naubat Khana is visible in front.

Mughal Empire

Musicians used to sit on the upper floor of the non-veg food and here Naubat was played five times a day. Meena at different times. To tell that in the Naubat Khana, there was a date playing Naubat to announce the arrival of the Emperor In this Naubat Khana, inside the same Naubat Khana, where the Mughal emperor Jahan Dakhate and Farrukhsiyar of the 10th Mughal Emperor was murdered, Diwan-e-Aam is situated just in front of the Fortin Naubat Khana.

From the name itself, Diwan-e-Aam is known as a royal court which used to be for the common people. King Aam sat on this high throne present in Diwan-e-Aam. He used to listen to the problems of the people and solve them. This throne of the king was called Jilleelaahi i.e. a place where the shadow of God resides. Under this throne, there is a very beautiful marble throne on which the Wazir can stand and worship the king. He used to read out the problems of the common people or present any request.


There is a marble stone installed on the back wall of the throne of Diwan-e-Aam. Such a beautiful painting has been done on this stone, the example of which cannot be given. Our painting is French. The next building of the Lal Qila is Diwan-e-Khas. the court where the emperor used to meet his special people like the emperor’s ministers, advisors, and guests. Diwan-e-Khas The entire building is made of marble.

In this Diwan-e-Khas, the emperor’s luxurious throne was kept, which was talked about not only in India but also in foreign countries. The name of this throne of the emperor was Khate Tau Us. Peacock Then On Peacock. The throne was made of gold, silver, and precious diamonds and jewels, on its upper end there were two peacocks made of diamonds and pearls and in the throw of this VPN, India’s most precious diamond Kohinoor was studded with Ignore, which was worth several crores even in the 17th century.


Then in 1739, Emperor Nadir Shah of Iran came to India, he attacked Delhi, his forces looted Delhi and he also looted the Peacock Crown and Kohinoor Diamond along with many precious things from the Red Fort. Why did he say? It is said that after looting Delhi, when Nadir Shah and his army were going back to Iran, they were attacked by robbers on the way and looted many chains, one of them was Peacock Throne. The robbers broke the Peacock phone and took many parts of it.

It is said that the broken lower part of the Peacock Pharaoh was last seen in a museum in Tehran, where the king sat in the Takht-e-Taous and met his special people in the Diwan-e-Khas. Diwan-e-Khas used to be the most beautiful palace of the Lal Qila. You can guess its beauty from the fact that the entire roof of this palace used to be made of silver. Later that silver canopy was removed. It has been taken out that its marble walls were studded with precious stones and gems at various places.

Yamuna River

Which people took out and now only their traces remain. I have written those famous lines in Persian in this Diwan-e-Khas That if Firdaus Barurue Zameen Ast Hamin Asto Hamin Asto Hamin Ast That if there is heaven somewhere on earth, if there was any most beautiful creation inside the dial fort, then it was Meena Laharen Bahisht i.e. the waves of heaven, this is Jahar was built by Shahjahan on the concept of paradise. When it flowed through the palaces and near the gardens, it gave the feeling of heaven.

Its flow produced a very sweet sound of water. Canal-e-Bahisht -There were fountains built in Paradise. The fountains coming out of it used to make humans feel like monsoon even in summer. Although Nahar-e-Bahisht flowed from many places inside the Lal Qila, it was made in between the palaces so that the water of the canal Kept the water running in Nahar-e-Bahisht, which was cool inside the palaces, water was lifted from the Yamuna River.

Mumtaz Mahal

The first palace that Shahjahan built for his queens and other royal women of the fort was Rang. This palace is a very big palace. The canal of heaven used to flow through the middle of this palace which kept it cool even in summer. The British had converted the Rang Mahal into a kitchen during their rule. There are precious stones on the walls of this palace. And pearls were studded on the walls. Marks of uprooting of those stones and pearls can be seen. The next building is Mumtaz Mahal.

This palace was also for the women of the royal family living in the fort. Shahjahan named this palace after his beloved. It was named after Begum Mumtaz, who had died a long time ago. Apart from the king and princes, no one else was allowed to enter this palace. When the British captured the Lal Qila, they converted Mumtaz Mahal into a jail. Khas Mahal is present near the Nine Rang Mahal. Khas Mahal was the king’s own personal palace. There are three main rooms in this big building.

Facts of Lal Qila

The first is the picture, the king used to pray while sitting in this room. The second is you the customer i.e. the palace of dreams. This was the emperor’s bedroom and the third one was the big living room. Here the emperor used to sit and relax during his leisure hours. There used to be a beautiful garden in the Red Fort which was called Hayat Baksh Bagh. Hayat Baksh Bagh means to give life.

Today only the empty grounds of Hayat Baksh Bagh are left in the fort, but there was a time when fragrant fountains used to come out from this place and colorful flowers were grown here. Import Paksha There are two identical-looking gardens on the grounds of the garden. The buildings are located opposite to each other. The name of one building is Sawan and the name of the other is Bhado because Persian was the common spoken language during the Mughal era, hence all the buildings, palaces, and other things present in the fort were named in the Persian language.

History of Red Fort

Except for these two buildings, these buildings were named after Hindi months. Whenever it rained in Delhi, the men of the royal family used to sit in one building and the royal women in the other and enjoy the rain. Lahori Darwaza after the Delhi Gate, there is also a third gate of the Lal Qila, which is called Yamuna Gate. This gate used to go from below towards the Yamuna River, where the name of the Emperor was engraved.

The Emperor used to go in a boat from Delhi to other cities through the Yamuna River. Seeing the grandeur of the Red Fort and its historical importance, UNESCO declared it a World Heritage Site in 2007. there is another fort connected to the Lal Qila of Delhi which is called Salimgarh Fort. Forts of Salimgarh. Salim Shah Suri, son of Sher Shah Suri, was built in 1546. Salimgarh Fort is connected to the Red Fort through a flower.

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There used to be another beautiful part in the Lal Qila which was called Mehtab Bagh. It was destroyed by the British. It was destroyed and in place of this tiger, a barrack was built for the soldiers. The British demolished many buildings of the Red Fort and built a bar parade ground there as per their need. This barrack built by the British is an example of Victorian architecture of the fort. If you look at all the buildings inside, you will clearly see the difference between Mughal architecture and Victorian architecture.

Last Mughal Emperor Zafar

This is the Safar Mahal of the Lal Qila. It was built by the last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar in 1842. It is one of the Mughal emperors inside the Lal Qila. The last building was built by him. It is in this Red Fort that the British tried Badshah Safar. The King had to bow down before the British in his fort in his own country because the British had tried to prosecute Badshah Safar for rebelling against the British.

After declaring him guilty, he was deported and sent from India to Rangoon, where he breathed his last. It was from Rangoon that King Zafar had written, ‘ How unlucky Zafar is, not even two yards of land was found for his burial.’ I think that this journey is so unfortunate that you have not been able to get even two yards of land to be buried in your own country, if this fort has seen the shining sun of the Mughal Sultanate, then it has also seen that sun setting. We have also seen the Lal Qila from the time of its construction till today.

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